The meaning of the word malware comes from its acronym in English: malicious software Which translates into Spanish as código malicioso and are designed to infiltrate victims’ computers in order to steal or damage their information.

It will be called malware, all programs that perform unwanted actions on computer systems and is therefore one of the main concerns in the field of computer security.

There are multiple types of malware, but among the most prominent, either by popularity or by the high impact on damage to computers, are:

  • Spyware
  • Keyloggers
  • Troyan
  • Worm
  • Rootkit
  • Ransomware
  • Phishing

How do we protect ourselves from a malware attack?

Prevention is a vital point in protecting our computers from possible malware infection:

  • Have an antivirus installed and updated.
  • Have a firewall.
  • Caution in emails that have suspicious links or attachments. In the event of a doubt, it is better not to run them or download them.
  • Using strong passwords.
  • Keep your Internet browser and its “plugins” up to date.
  • Check the list of programs that your computer processes (on Windows can be checked by the “task manager) and when there is a suspicion that you may be infected with malware, check this list to check for any new processes. You can then search by process name on the Internet to verify which process refers to.
  • Always download applications from trusted sites.
  • Use common sense.


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